Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT)
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WHAT IS HRT?Back to top
Hormone replacement therapy are medications used to replace female hormones (oestrogen and progesterone) that are depleted in the body and areno longer produced by the body during menopause. [2; 3]
HRT should generally be started two to three years of menopause. HRT can be in the form of cream or gels, vaginal rings, tablets and skin patches. 
INDICATIONS FOR HRT Back to top
- Treatment of menopause symptoms.
- To prevent osteoporosis in older women (>55 years) and bone loss in women with premature menopause (<40 years).
- Symptoms which indicate urogenital atrophy.
CONTRAINDICATIONS Back to top
- History of thromboembolism.
- History of chronic heart disease or stroke.
- Current or history of breast, endometrial or other oestrogen dependent cancers.
- Liver disease.
- Undiagnosed persistent urinary tract bleeding.
- Hypertension that is untreated.
- Severe migraines.
COMPLICATIONS Back to top
- Heart disease.
- Blood clots.
- Breast cancer.
SIDE EFFECTS OF HRT Back to top
- Breast tenderness.
- Breakthrough bleeding.
LIFESTYLE CHANGES WHEN ON HRT Back to top
- Sensation of smoking.
- Healthy lifestyle which should include eating a balanced diet, eating healthy, managing stress and any other chronic conditions you may have such as
- Limit the alcohol that you consume.
- Wearing loose clothing.
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WHAT IS MENOPAUSE (PERI-MENOPAUSE)? The word menopause is derived from the Greek words meno (month) and pause (to end). Thus menopause literally means the end of the monthly menstrual bleeding / permanent cessation of menses. Because menses may be irregular for some time before menopause, it is said to have definitely occurred when a woman…