Those who are immunocompromised such as people who are living with HIV, have malnutrition, severe kidney disease, cancer, diabetes or those who use tobacco have a greater probability of falling ill with the disease. 
TB is curable and preventable. 
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RISK FACTORS Back to top
- Immunocompromised persons: especially those infected with HIV.
- Living or being around someone who has TB.
- Very young or advanced age.
- Someone who has recently been affected with the TB bacteria.
CAUSES Back to top
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS Back to top
- Cough for more than two weeks.
- Night sweats: wake up at night and must change your clothes.
- Unintentional weight loss: cannot fit into clothes.
- Loss of appetite.Fatigue.
- Can experience chest pain or pain while breathing
COMPLICATIONS Back to top
- Pain in the spine.
- Damage to your joints, especially the hip and knee joints.
- Problems with your liver or kidney.
- Heart disorders.
- Coughing up blood.
LIFESTYLE CHANGES Back to top
- Stay at home until the doctor says that you can return to your normal activities.
- The people that stay with you must also see a doctor to check if they have active TB.
- Make sure you take the proper therapy as directed by the doctor.
- Do not miss any medications. Remind yourself with a calendar, an alarm on your phone or ask a friend or family member to remind you.
- Talk to your doctor about directly observed therapy.
- Keep your house well aired.
- Eat a healthy diet.
1. World Health Organisation [Internet]. What is TB? How is it Treated?. United Kingdom: World Health Organisation; [Updated 2018 Jan; cited 2019 Aug 19]. Available from: https://www.who.int/features/qa/08/en/.
2. Mato Clinic Staff [Internet]. Tuberculosis. America: Mayo Clinic; [updated 2019 Jan 30; cited 2019 Aug 19]. Available from:https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseasesconditions/tuberculosis/symptoms-causes/syc-20351250.
3. National Jewish Health [Internet]. Tuberculosis: Lifestyle Management; [updated 2013 Feb 01; cited 2019 Aug 19]. Available from:https://www.nationaljewish.org/conditions/tuberculosis-tb/lifestyle-management.
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