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Kyleena® is used for the prevention of pregnancy (contraception) for up to 5 years.


Your healthcare professional (HCP) has talked to you about the Kyleena® intrauterine system (IUS) and prescribed Kyleena® for you as a contraceptive. This brochure will provide you with answers to the most frequently asked questions about contraception with Kyleena®.


Kyleena® is used for the prevention of pregnancy (contraception) for up to 5 years. Kyleena® is a T-shaped intrauterine delivery system (IUS), which after placement inside the womb, slowly releases a small amount of the hormone levonorgestrel (LNG). The T-shaped frame of Kyleena® is just 28 x 30 mm. There are fine threads attached which are used by your doctor to remove Kyleena®.



Have you held a Kyleena® demo in your hand? Ask your healthcare professional to show you how small and flexible it is.


Kyleena® releases a hormone, levonorgestrel, which works by thickening the cervical mucus which inhibits passage of the sperm through the cervical canal. This prevents the sperm and egg from coming into contact and prevents fertilisation. Kyleena® also reduces the monthly growth of the lining of the womb.

Important aspects of Kyleena®:

  • Releases only a low dose of the hormone, levonorgestrel
  • Does not contain estrogen
  • Does not affect the normal function of your ovaries



How is Kyleena® inserted, and how long does it take?The insertion procedure should take no longer than a few minutes. Your healthcare professional will first perform a pelvic examination. A thin flexible tube containing Kyleena® will then be inserted into your womb. Once Kyleena® is in the correct position, your healthcare professional will withdraw the insertion tube leaving Kyleena® in place.  You may experience some pain and/or dizziness during placement. If you would like pain relief before Kyleena® is inserted, please speak to your healthcare professional about preventive pain-relieving treatment.

After insertion, you may feel some pain similar to menstrual cramps. However, this usually disappears within a few days. If you experience severe pain or heavy bleeding after Kyleena® is inserted or if pain/bleeding persists for more than a few weeks, please make an appointment to see your healthcare professional.

When should Kyleena® be inserted?Kyleena® should be placed within 7 days from the start of your monthly period. You will be protected from pregnancy immediately. When replacing an intrauterine system with a new one, it is not necessary to wait for your period.

Does Kyleena® cause a risk of perforation?Perforation or penetration of the wall of the womb may rarely occur during placement of Kyleena®, although the perforation may not be detected until some time later. If Kyleena® becomes lodged outside the cavity of the womb, it will not be effective in preventing pregnancy. You may need surgery to have Kyleena® removed. The risk of perforation is increased in breast-feeding women, and in women who have insertion up to 36 weeks after birth, and may be increased in women with a uterus leaning backwards (fixed retroverted uterus).


You should have your Kyleena® checked 4–6 weeks after placement, and thereafter regularly, at least once a year. Your healthcare professional may determine how often and what kinds of check-ups are required in your particular case.


The 2 threads allow your healthcare professional to remove Kyleena®. Your healthcare professional may show you how to check that the threads are present. Being able to feel the threads can reassure you that Kyleena® is still in place and providing effective contraception. If you have any additional questions about the threads, talk to your healthcare professional.




How will Kyleena® affect my period?Kyleena® is likely to affect your period. It can change your menstrual periods so that you experience spotting (a small amount of bleeding), shorter or longer periods, lighter or heavier bleeding, or no bleeding at all.  You may have bleeding and spotting between menstrual periods, especially during the first 3–6 months. Sometimes the bleeding is heavier than usual at first.

Overall, you are likely to experience a gradual reduction in the amount and number of days of bleeding each month. Some women eventually find that periods stop altogether.

  • This is due to the way Kyleena® works: the hormone levonorgestrel reduces the monthly thickening of the lining of the womb to prevent pregnancy and therefore, there is no tissue to shed away as a menstrual period. There is no indication that an absence of monthly periods will affect your future fertility. Your own hormone levels usually remain normal.
  • Not having a period is not necessarily a sign of pregnancy. If you do not have your period and have other symptoms of pregnancy you should see your healthcare professional for an examination and have a pregnancy test.
  • If you have not had a period for 6 weeks and are concerned, then consider having a pregnancy test. If this is negative, there is no need to carry out another test unless you have other signs of pregnancy.

A menstrual diary is included with this brochure to help you keep track of changes in your monthly cycle.

When Kyleena® is removed, your period should soon return to normal.

Can I still use tampons?You can continue to use tampons during your period, but please be careful when changing them. Do not accidently pull the threads of Kyleena®.

Will Kyleena® affect my sexual intercourse?You and your partner should not feel Kyleena® during intercourse. Kyleena® is placed in the womb, not in the vagina.



How will Kyleena® affect my skin?The development of acne is influenced by both hormonal and non-hormonal factors.As with other levonorgestrel-containing hormonal contraceptives, some women may experience greasy skin or acne when using Kyleena®. If you have previously used an estrogen-containing hormonal birth control method and experienced a positive effect on your skin, you may notice a change when switching to Kyleena® as Kyleena® is an estrogen free birth control method.

Does Kyleena® have an effect on my ovaries?Although the contraceptive efficacy of Kyleena® is mainly due to its local effect in the womb, an ovarian cyst may sometimes develop. In most cases there are no symptoms. While using Kyleena®, your healthcare professional might detect such a cyst when performing a routine vaginal ultrasound. Ovarian cysts are transient and mean no harm in the vast majority of cases. Rarely will they require medical attention, or even more rarely surgery.

How will Kyleena® affect my fertility?Kyleena® is completely reversible. That means that your natural level of fertility will return after Kyleena® is removed.  Kyleena® can be removed at any time. This means, if you are planning to get pregnant, Kyleena® can be removed by your healthcare professional in one short visit. Once Kyleena® is removed, you can try to get pregnant right away.

Can I suffer from mood changes?Women sensitive to levonorgestrel may experience that Kyleena® has an effect on their mood (depressed mood/ depression).

If you suffer with these symptoms, please discuss with your healthcare professional whether they may resolve on their own or if Kyleena® should be removed.

Is there a risk of ectopic pregnancy with Kyleena®?It is unlikely to become pregnant while using Kyleena®. However, if you become pregnant while using Kyleena®, the risk that the pregnancy could develop outside the womb (an extrauterine or ectopic pregnancy) is increased. Women who have already had an extrauterine pregnancy, surgery on the fallopian tubes, or a pelvic infection carry a higher risk for this type of pregnancy. An extrauterine pregnancy is a serious condition which calls for immediate medical attention and may impact future fertility. You should tell your healthcare professional if you experience lower abdominal pain, especially if you have missed a period (and were previously having regular periods) and/or have unexpected bleeding, and/or normal signs of pregnancy as these can be indicators of an ectopic pregnancy.

Is there a risk of infection with Kyleena®?Kyleena®, like other hormonal contraceptives, does not protect against HIV infection (AIDS) or any other sexually transmitted disease. Condoms are recommended to prevent sexually transmitted diseases.

The Kyleena® inserter and Kyleena® itself are sterile and the risk of infection is comparable to that in non-IUS users and is strongly associated with risk factors, such as multiple sexual partners, sexually transmitted infections, and prior history of i.e. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID).

Despite this, there is an increased risk of pelvic infection (infections in the lining of the womb or the fallopian tubes) at the time of placement and during the first 3 weeks after the placement.

Your healthcare professional will perform a full examination prior to the insertion to ensure that there are no existing infections.

Pelvic infections must be treated promptly.


Does Kyleena® protect against sexually transmitted infections (STIs)?No, Kyleena® does not protect against STIs, including HIV/AIDS. For protection against STIs, it is advisable to use a condom.

Can Kyleena® fall out?While unlikely, it is possible that Kyleena® could partially or completely come out of place. If this happens, you will not be protected against pregnancy. An unusual increase in the amount of bleeding during your period or pain may be a sign that this has happened. Feeling the threads can reassure you that Kyleena® is still in place and providing effective contraception.

If you think that Kyleena® has come out of place, use a non-hormonal method of contraceptive (such as condoms) until you see your healthcare professional.

What happens after 5 years?How is Kyleena® removed? Kyleena® should be removed no later than the end of the fifth year of use. Kyleena® can be easily removed at any time by your healthcare professional, after which you will return to your natural level of fertility.

Some women feel dizzy during or after Kyleena® is removed. You may experience some pain and bleeding during removal of Kyleena®.

What happens if I decide I want a baby?Kyleena® can be removed at any time and your normal level of fertility should return soon after it has been removed.



What are the side effects associated with Kyleena®?As your body adapts to Kyleena®, some effects may occur to your body, as explained before. Below is a list of potential side effects. Please consult your healthcare professional, if you have any questions.

Very common: may affect more than 1 in 10 people

  • Headache
  • Abdominal/pelvic pain
  • Acne/seborrhea (“greasy skin”)
  • Bleeding changes, including increased and decreased menstrual bleeding, spotting, oligomenorrhea (infrequent periods), and amenorrhea (absence of bleeding)
  • Ovarian cyst
  • Vulvovaginitis (inflammation of the external genital organs or vagina)

Common: may affect up to 1 in 10 people

  • Depressed mood & depression
  • Migraine
  • Nausea (feeling sick)
  • Alopecia (hair loss)
  • Upper genital tract infection
  • Dysmenorrhea (painful menstruation)
  • Breast pain/discomfort
  • Device expulsion (complete and partial)
  • Genital discharge

Uncommon: may affect up to 1 in 100 people

  • Hirsutism (excessive body hair)

Rare: may affect up to 1 in 1,000 people

Uterine perforation*

*The perforation risk is higher (up to 1 in 100 people) in women who are breastfeeding at the time of IUS insertion, and when the IUS is inserted up to 36 weeks after a delivery.

Where can I get more information? This brochure does not replace the patient information leaflet. If you have additional questions, please ask your healthcare professional for more information.


If you wish to continue using Kyleena® after 5 years, your healthcare professional can remove Kyleena® and insert a new one.


THE KYLEENA® IS DUE FOR REPLACEMENT FIVE YEARS AFTER INSERTION.To make it easier to remind yourself when the Kyleena® should be taken out please make a note of the following information and place the provided card somewhere safe.
The card is available on page 18 of the Downloadable PDF (click on the Download PDF button below)



Please see page 20 of the downloadable PDF (click on the Download PDF button below).


You can use this menstrual diary to keep track of changes to your menstrual cycle, including spotting or bleeding that may occur over the next few months. Record your menstrual blood flow or any bleeding that occurs between periods by marking in the appropriate square (day) of the calendar, please see page 22 on the downloadable PDF (click on the Download PDF button below)

  1. Bayer Kyleena® Package Insert and Patient Information Leaflet (PIL) South Africa, 2017
  2. Gemzell-Danielsson K et al PLoS One 2015;10(9):e0135309
  3. NHS choices Acne – causes Accessed at: http://www nhs uk/Conditions/Acne/Pages/Causes aspx
  4. WHO Medical Eligibility Criteria for Contraceptive Use: A WHO Family Planning Cornerstone 5th edition Geneva: World Health Organization 2015
  5. Trussell J Contraception 2011;83:397–404.

S4 Kyleena® Levonorgestrel intrauterine system Each sterile intrauterine system contains levonorgestrel 19 5mg, 12 μg/24hrs RSA Reg No: A 47/32 9/0037.
For full prescribing information, refer to the package insert approved by the medicines regulatory authority.
Bayer (Pty) Ltd Reg. No. 1968/011192/07 27 Wrench Road Isando 1609 South Africa Tel: 011 921 5000


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