Brought to you by Medinformer

Blood Pressure

Back to top

WHAT IS HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE OR HYPERTENSION?

It refers to the force or pressure of the blood against the walls of the blood vessels, also known as arteries.

Normal Blood Pressure: 120(systolic) / 80(diastolic) mmHg

The first (or top) number is your systolic blood pressure. It is the highest level your blood pressure reaches when your heartbeats.

The second (or bottom) number is your diastolic blood pressure.  It is the lowest level your blood pressure reaches as your heart relaxes between beats.

Blood pressure is measured in millimetre Mercury.

Back to top

When do I have High Blood pressure also known as Hypertension?

When systolic is > 140-160mmHg.
When diastolic is > than 85mmHg patient must change his/her lifestyle;
> 90 mmHg patient must get medicine;
> 95mmHg patient is not controlled on current medicine
>above 100mmHg patient will be referred to hospital (Hypertensive crisis).

Back to top

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS

  • Severe headache Nosebleeds
  • Fatigue or confusion
  • Vision problems
  • Chest pain
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Buzzing in ears
  • Pounding in your chest, neck, or ears.
Back to top

UNCONTROLLED HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE CAN LEAD TO

  • Heart attack or stroke.
  • Aneurysm.
  • Heart failure.
  • Weakened and narrowed blood vessels in your kidneys.
  • Thickened narrowed or torn blood vessels in the eyes.
  • Metabolic syndrome.
  • Trouble with memory or understanding.

 

Back to top

LIFESTYLE CHANGES

  • Get active – start exercise – high repetition
  • Control cholesterol – Unprocessed food high in Omega, low in saturated fat?
  • Eat better – Less Salt
  • Lose weight – Maintain a healthy weight Quit smoking
  • Reduce stress
  • Control blood glucose
  • Monitor blood pressure on a regular basis
Head
Chest
Abdomen
Pelvis
Legs
Feet
Mental Health
Skin
General
Infant Health

For more health information

Click on the body area you want to know more about. Select a related health topic from the menu

Select a body area

RECENT BROCHURE

Hay Fever

Allergic rhinitis, also widely known as hay fever, affects up to 10-20% of people, globally.

RECENT BROCHURE

COVID-19 – Post vaccine FAQS

Information on post-vaccination care

RECENT BROCHURE

Excessive Sweating

Causes and risks of excessive sweating 

RECENT BROCHURE

Depression – Treatment Resistant

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS), a treatment for depression

RECENT BROCHURE

Home Monitoring – Chronic Diseases

Kardiofit Home Monitoring solution