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ITCHY SCALP?Back to top
HERE’S WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOWBack to top
Many conditions can cause an itchy scalp.
The most common of these include:
1. Dandruff and seborrhoeic dermatitis.
3. Psoriasis (an autoimmune disease that causes raised, reddish, scaly patches on the skin or scalp).
4. Head lice (tiny nits or eggs) attached to a strand of hair.
5. Allergic reactions possibly from hair dyes, eczema and atopic dermatitis.
SIGNS OF A SCALP INFECTION?Back to top
WHAT CAUSES A SCALP INFECTION?Back to top
HOW TO RECOGNISE A SCALP INFECTION4Back to top
- clusters of small red bumps or white-headed pimples that develop around hair follicles
- pus-filled blisters that break open and crust over
- red and inflamed skin
- itchy or burning skin
- tenderness or pain
- large swollen bump or mass
- itchy, scaly or bald patches
- If you experience any of these symptoms, you may have a bacterial, fungal or viral infection.
DOES INFECTION TYPE IMPACT TREATMENT?Back to top
• the type of infection;
• how severe your symptoms are and
• if you have any other immune system health issues.
Some courses of treatment (including basic self-care), can be as short as a few days, while other courses of treatment can be as long as eight weeks, for instance a ringworm infection of the scalp.
A mild bacterial infection may clear up in a few days with basic self-care measures. For more serious or recurring symptoms, you may need to consult your doctor or pharmacist.
Viral infections are a result of systemic illness. For instance in the case of chicken pox, herpes, or shingles, viral lesions may appear on the scalp.While the treatment of a systemic infection requires oral systemic medication, basic self-care measures can help to prevent secondary infections on top of the viral lesions.
5 SIMPLE STEPS FOR SELF-TREATMENT6Back to top
TIPS TO PREVENT SCALP INFECTIONBack to top
- never share hats, combs or towels
- wash your hands regularly
- treat scalp lesions immediately
- maintain a clean scalp
- keep a Medicated Shampoo handy to help you to defeat viruses, fungi and bacteria before they get a chance to make their home on your scalp.6,8-9
1. What causes itchy scalp? Available at http://www.healthline.com/symptom/itchy-scalp. Accessed in February 2017. 2. Do You Have an Itchy Scalp? 5 Common Problems and Fixes. Available at https://health.clevelandclinic.org/2016/04/itchy-scalp-5-common-problems-and-fixes/. Accessed in February 2017. 3. Scalp Infections Causes, Types, Pictures. Available at http://www.healthhype.com/scalp-infections-causes-types-pictures.html. Accessed in February 2017. 4. Diseases and Conditions: Folliculitis. Available at http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/folliculitis/basics/symptoms/con-20025909. Accessed in February 2017. 5. Antifungal Medicines. Available at http://patient.info/health/antifungal-medicines. Accessed February 2017. 5a. Scalp Infections Causes, Types, Pictures. Available at http://www.healthhype.com/scalp-infections-causes-types-pictures.html 6. Betadine® Medicated Shampoo approved package insert. 7. http://www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/scalp-problems#3. Accessed February 2017 8. Shiraishi T, et al. Evaluation of the bacterial activity of povidone-iodine and commercially available gargle preparations. Dermatology 2002; 204 (Suppl 1): 37-41. 9. Kawana R, et al. Inactivation of human viruses by povidone-iodine in comparison with other antiseptics. Dermatology 1997; 195 (Suppl 2): 29-35.
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