Type 2 Diabetic Nutrition

The role of Nutrition and Meal Replacements in managing Diabetes

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In diabetes, blood sugar levels fluctuate up and down. These levels can be hard to manage, and when they aren’t controlled, they can lead to long-term problems with heart health and other complications.2

People living with Type 1 diabetes have the following symptoms

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  • Feeling more thirsty than usual
  • Increased urination
  • Having blurry vision
  • Losing weight without intention
  • Bed-wetting in children who have never wet the bed during the night

In today’s hectic world, trying to eat well can be overwhelming, especially for people who need to manage their blood sugar levels and weight. Poor food choices and skipping meals can inhibit these efforts.3,4,6,7


Meal replacements can be helpful options for many individuals. The use of meal replacements is suggested by the American Diabetes Association and the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics as a successful weight loss and weight management strategy.7-9

Complications of Poor Blood Sugar Control

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Healthy nutritional habits are at the cornerstone of diabetes management, along with exercise and medication.


Poor control of your blood sugar can increase the risk of diabetes complication by as much as 3.5 times.


These complications include strokes, heart and kidney complication and more. Glucerna® can provide supplemental nutrition for people living with diabetes.3,4,11

Nutritional Supplement Drink

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Glucerna® Vanilla Flavoured Nutritional Supplement 400 g is a drink formulated especially for the nutritional needs of people living with diabetes or with impaired glucose tolerance. Its enhanced slow-release carbohydrate system helps manage glucose response, and its fat blend, that includes MUFA and omega-3 fatty acids, support heart health. When used as part of a diabetes management plan*, it can support weight management , and is fortified with chromium picolinate, a highly bioavailable form of chromium which supports carbohydrate metabolism.


Glucerna® is backed by 30 years of scientific evidence from more than 50 clinical studies with over 4,000 individuals. *Formulated for people with prediabetes and diabetes, as part of a diabetes management plan including diet and exercise.


Get better control of your diabetes, with a nutritional supplement which is shown to reduce blood glucose variability by incorporating omega-3 fatty acids, a unique fat blend and slowly digested carbohydrates.4,12,14


Carbohydrates are an important source of energy for our bodies, especially our brains. Glucerna® contains a slow-release, low-GI index to help you minimize your blood glucose spikes.3,4,14,15


The glycemic index measures how foods with carbohydrates raise blood glucose.13 Low-glycemic carbohydrates produce lower blood glucose responses than high glycemic carbohydrates. Glucerna® is formulated to help minimize blood sugar spikes and contains a unique blend of carbohydrates that include modified maltodextrin (the body is not able to digest it), fructose (a low-glycemic carbohydrate), maltitol, soy fiber, and fructooligosaccharides (a prebiotic fiber).2-4,14,15


Ingredients will vary per product and flavour. Check individual product labeling for specific ingredient information. Glucerna® has a low glycaemic index (GI); the powder (mixed with water) has a GI of 41.




Key Ingredients

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Of the three macronutrient types – carbohydrates, fat and protein – carbohydrates have the most marked effect on postprandial blood glucose response.14




1.  International Diabetes Federation. What is diabetes. Available at: https://idf.org/aboutdiabetes/what-is-diabetes.html Date Accessed: March 2023.
2. Glucerna® Product Label.
3. Devitt AA, et al. Adv Biosci Biotechnol 2013;4:1-10.
4. Alish CJ, et al. Diabetes Technol Ther 2010;12(6):419-425.
5. Mayo Clinic. Type 1 diabetes – symptoms and causes. Available at:https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/type-1-diabetes/symptons-causes/syc20353011?p=1 Date Accessed: March 2023.
6. Tatti P, et al. Mediterr J Nutr Metab 2010;3:133-136.
7. Evert AB, et al. Diabetes Care 2014;37(Supplement 1):S120–S143.
8. Mottalib A, et al. Nutrients 2016;8:443.
9. Sun J, et al. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2008;17(3):514-524.
10. Dr Jane E.B. Reusch, MD, President of ADA, 2018 ADA Welcome Address. Available at:https://www.adadaily.org/ada-presidentmedicine-science asks-members-to-tell-the-diabetesstory Date Accessed: February 2023.
11. Stratton IM, et al. BMJ 2000;321(7258):405-412.
12. West SG, et al. Diabetologia 2005;48:113-122.
13. Broadhurst CL, et al. Diabetes Technol Ther 2006;8(6):677-687.
14. Dávila LA, et al. Nutrients 2019;11:1477.
15. Foster-Powell K, et al. Am J Clin Nutr 2002;76:5-56.
16. Devitt AA, et al. J Diabetes Res Clin Metab 2012;1-20.

© 2023 Abbott. Abbott Laboratories S.A. (Pty) Ltd, Abbott Place, 219 Golf Club Terrace, Constantia
Kloof, 1709. Tel: (011) 858 2000. Fax: (011) 858 2137. ZA-GLU-2300005. March 2023.

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