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Some people develop chronic gout, also called gouty arthritis. This is when people experience repeated flare-ups that can lead to joint damage, deformity and limited joint motion.2,4
ContentsBack to top
- MAKING A LIFELONG ADJUSTMENT TO LIVING WITH GOUT
- MANAGING CHRONIC GOUT.
- THE ROOT CAUSE OF GOUT: URIC ACID
- WHO IS AT RISK OF DEVELOPING GOUT?
- FOODS THAT CAN INCREASE URIC ACID LEVELS TYPICALLY INCLUDE
- LONG TERM MANAGEMENT
- GOUT AND KIDNEY DISEASE
- LIFESTYLE MODIFICATIONS
- LONG TERM OUTLOOK
- WHAT DO THESE MEDICAL TERMS MEAN?
MAKING A LIFELONG ADJUSTMENT TO LIVING WITH GOUTBack to top
WHY IS IT IMPORTANT TO LEARN ABOUT CHRONIC GOUT?Back to top
Chronic gout increases the risk of developing osteoarthritis and increases the risk of kidney disease.2d,3b Long term management of chronic gout with effective medicines can slow down the progression of the disease.1b,5b
MANAGING CHRONIC GOUT.Back to top
THE ROOT CAUSE OF GOUT: URIC ACIDBack to top
High levels of uric acid in the body is known as hyperuricaemia which could lead to other conditions like gout.2e,3a
Why does this happen? Your body might ‘make’ too much uric acid, or your body has difficulty getting rid of uric acid. This means there is an abundance of uric acid circulating in the blood, leading to the formation of uric acid crystals in the joints. The crystals cause the joint to become inflamed, causing pain, swelling and warmth.2e
WHO IS AT RISK OF DEVELOPING GOUT?Back to top
- It is important to know that most often the uric acid in the blood becomes abnormally high when the kidneys cannot eliminate enough uric acid in the urine. Conditions that impair the kidney function include kidney disease, high blood pressure and diabetes, putting these people at higher risk of developing gout.1j,3b
- Some medications such as diuretics (water pills) used to treat high blood pressure may increase the uric acid level in the blood.2f
- Consuming too much purine-rich food can also increase the uric acid level in the blood and combining a high-purine diet with alcohol or beverages containing high fructose corn syrup can worsen matters.3d,e
FOODS THAT CAN INCREASE URIC ACID LEVELS TYPICALLY INCLUDEBack to top
- Liver, kidney3d
- Meat gravies and broths3d
- Mussels, sardines and herring3d
TREATMENTBack to top
LONG TERM MANAGEMENT:Back to top
Gout is the only arthritis that can be alleviated with Urate-Lowering Therapy1
People that suffer from chronic gout may be prescribed treatment – called Urate-Lowering Therapy (ULT) – which lowers the uric acid level in the blood. Lowering uric acid to less than 6 mg / dL is needed to prevent deposits of uric acid. 2h,3k
When uric acid is maintained under 6 mg / dL then it will stop being deposited into tissues and existing deposit will eventually dissolve.3k
The benefits of this daily urate-lowering therapy are not only seen in long-term control of flare-ups but also in the prevention of chronic damage to the kidneys and joints.5b,c
These medicines are required if you have:1f,2h,5d
- Frequent, severe flare-ups (more than 2 during the same year) despite taking colchicine or other painkillers
- Damage to joint and tophi (lumps under the skin)2k
- Kidney disease or kidney stones
GOUT AND KIDNEY DISEASEBack to top
High levels of uric acid in the blood are associated with increased risk of kidney disease.2d For these people there is a higher likelihood of gout progression and development of tophi.5b
Taking medicines to lower uric acid can prevent progression of gout with added benefit of preventing progression of kidney disease.5b
LONG TERM OUTLOOKBack to top
With early diagnosis, treatment enables most people to live a normal life.2j For many people with advanced disease, lowering uric acid blood levels can resolve tophi and improve joint function and quality of life.1h,3l
Brought to you by Aspen in the interests of patient education. This information is provided for educational purposes and does not replace the advice from your Doctor. For more information please consult your Doctor or Pharmacist.
WHAT DO THESE MEDICAL TERMS MEAN?Back to top
Deposits of uric acid can form lumps below the skin around a joint. The lump is called a tophus. Multiple lumps (tophi) develop after a person has had gout for many years.2k
A by-product of nucleic acids (DNA and RNA) in cells and from purines in food.3m
High blood levels of uric acid.3a A uric acid level in the blood over 7 mg/dL is considered high.2l
Medically called urolithiasis, kidney stones form in the urine and are composed of uric acid.3b
Urate-lowering therapy (ULT)
Prescription medication taken every day to lower uric acid level in the blood which prevents crystal formation and promotes crystal dissolution.
- Nuki G, et al. Current management of gout: practical messages from 2016 EULAR guidelines. POLISH ARCHIVES OF INTERNAL MEDICINE 2017;127(4):267-277.
- Medline Plus National Institutes of Health. Gout [Last updated 02 July 2020]; Available from medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000422.htm Last accessed July 2020.
- Edwards NL. MSD MANUAL Consumer Version. Gout [Last revised May 2018]; Available from msdmanuals.com/home/bone-joint-and-muscle-disorders Last accessed July 2020.
- Edwards NL. MSD MANUAL Professional Version. Gout [Last revised Apr 2018]; Available from msdmanuals.com/professional/musculoskeletal-and-connective-tissue-disorders Last accessed July 2020.
- FitzGerald JD, et al. 2020 American College of Rheumatology Guideline for the Management of Gout. Arthritis & Rheumatology 2020; DOI 10.1002/art.41247.
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